Identifying the best times for cognitive functioning using new methods: Matching university times to undergraduate chronotypes

Identifying the best times for cognitive functioning using new methods: Matching university times to undergraduate chronotypes

زمان انتشار : ۱۳۹۶/۰۱/۲۹ - ۱۷:۱۴

 

#University days generally start at fixed times in the #morning, often early morning, without regard to #optimal #functioning times for #students with

different #chronotypes. Research has shown that later starting times are crucial to high school students’ #sleep, #health, and #performance. Shifting the focus to university, this study used two new approaches to determine ranges of start times that #optimize for #undergraduates. The first is a #survey-based, empirical model (#SM), and the second a #neuroscience-based, theoretical model (#NM). The SM focused on students’ #self-reported #chronotype and times they feel at their best. Using this approach, data from 190 mostly first and second year university students were collected and analyzed to determine optimal times when #cognitive #performance can be expected to be at its #peak. The NM synthesized research in sleep, #circadian #neuroscience, #sleep #deprivation’s impact on #cognition and practical considerations to create a generalized solution to determine the best learning hours. Strikingly the SM and NM results align with each other and confirm other recent research in indicating later start times. They add several important points: 1) They extend our understanding by showing that much later starting times (after 11am or 12 noon) are optimal; 2) Every single start time disadvantages one or more #chronotypes; and 3) The best practical model may involve three alternative starting times with one afternoon shared session. The implications are briefly considered.

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